There are a number of well-known figures at the forefront of the modern spirituality movement who have spoken openly about their experiences with psychedelics. There is a famous story about Ram Dass giving his guru, Maharaji (Neem Karoli Baba), exceptionally high doses of LSD in the 1970’s– not once, but twice –to which the saint apparently had no reaction.
Eckhart Tolle, one of the most influential spiritual teachers in the western world since the turn of the millennium, spoke openly and unprovoked during a live webcast with Oprah about his experience taking LSD, years after his ‘awakening’ took place.
Sam Harris, author of Waking Up and the leading voice in the atheist spirituality movement — as well as a neuroscientist — has also spoken openly about his experiences with mind-altering drugs, LSD not the least among them. The list goes on.
So what is it about psychedelics that ties them so closely to the spiritual? For the most part, both remain conundrums, in theory as well as in practice. Just as sleep remains, in many ways, a riddle science is only beginning to crack, so too are the experiences had by long-time meditators, practitioners of mindfulness, and yes, psychedelic drug users. Nobody really knows what’s going on. The best way to get an idea is just to take the leap and have the experience.
Now in the case of meditation and mindfulness, this is one thing, but when it comes to psychedelics, it is quite another. While possessing nowhere near the destructive effects of most other drugs — alcohol and tobacco among them — it is still ill-advised to simply “buy the ticket, take the ride” as the drug-and-gun-crazy journalist Hunter S. Thompson was prone to saying. The chances of having a very bad time are exceptionally high.
Yet this is something that ties in with one of the core teachings of nearly all spiritual disciplines: that suffering, though unnecessary to attain enlightenment, has the potential to serves as an accelerated path to self-knowledge. This is why psychedelics are widely accepted as being non-addictive– because there is no guarantee of having a good time. Unlike the majority of the harder drugs, there’s a 50/50 chance you could end up rocking in the corner for six hours or longer, locked in the depths of the most intimate hell imaginable. After an experience like that, there’s a chance you may never go back.
Yet a theme that continuously crops up among experienced users is that the hell they experienced was themselves. It was the “inward looking” at their shadow sides — those parts of us that we don’t like to acknowledge in day-to-day life and often deny even exist — that so tortured them. It is a similar, yet far less pronounced, experience to what it is often described by those people who have tried the entheogenic drugs ayahuasca and ibogaine in modern attempts at the age old practice of vision-questing.
On the other hand, when one has had a pleasant experience on psychedelics it is often related that they resided in an Alice-In-Wonderlandish fantasy land of joy, bliss and sensory delights comparable to nothing but the most pleasant dreams imaginable — a type of nirvana that has often been referred to as a ‘back door to zen‘.
So it would appear that both sides of the psychedelic coin are very akin to much of what we know about ‘spiritual experience’. The main message? Heaven and hell both reside within.
Yet LSD, and many of the other recreational psychedelics, don’t have a good track record as far as being the sole catalyst for lifelong enlightenment. In fact, there appears to be no record of anyone attaining enlightenment through these means alone.
There’s reams of anecdotal evidence for their usefulness assisting psychological change in the user, both positive and negative (certain declassified experiments such as MK-Ultra being an example of the latter) but in terms of being the single key to the so-called ‘higher realms’ of consciousness, they appear to be a bust. Yet their connection is undeniable. And mystifying.
Of the initial examples given in this article, only Neem Karoli Baba is said to have had no reaction. Both Tolle and Harris, experienced meditators each, had psychedelic trips. And while we’ll never truly know the subjective experience had by anyone but ourselves on such substances, the failure of a reaction on the part of Baba to such a high dose is intriguing, to say the least.
Does this mean that there are particular people that have genuinely reached a place of consciousness so ‘clean’, so otherworldly, that it may constantly mirror the experience of a pleasant psychedelic drug experience? Is that even possible?
Anyone who has ever had such an experience understands that psychedelics undoubtedly reveal other realities. Yet, from a purely empirical standpoint, all drugs are merely expressions of the brain’s potential– the brain, of which we still know so very little.
Until the science advances more, we are likely to remain in the dark regarding these issues, and even as it does move us forward, who’s to say it won’t simply reveal yet more mystery, even as our understanding continues to grow?
The world, the self, the experience of consciousness– all of it is a grand riddle to us at this point in history, with ‘enlightenment’ remaining an intriguing koan within the various folds that make all of us what we are. LSD and many of the other psychedelics appear to be interesting tools for tinkering with that mystery, but their overall usefulness and ultimate role, in the end, remains to be seen.